President Francois Bozize was toppled by the Seleka rebels in March 2013 and forced into exile. Eugène Barret Ngaïkosset: Anti-Balaka leader nicknamed 'butcher of Paoua' One of many suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity, Ngaïkosset is still "roaming free" in CAR. REUTERS/Siegfried Modola An anti-balaka leader moves into politics and the security business. Hundreds more since appeared at morning assemblies. After the coup, many members of the former government army, known by its French acronym, FACA, joined the anti-balaka. Anti-balaka (anti-machete) militiamen simulate an enemy attack as they pose for a photograph near the town of Yaloke, Central African Republic, April 25, 2014. Additionally, Yekatom’s forces operate armed checkpoints to illegally tax vehicles travelling on the roads and waterways from Bangui to Cameroon. Hissene is specifically accused of orchestrating violence in Bangui’s KM5 district that killed five, wounded 20, and prevented residents from voting in the referendum. S’il fuit les médias, il apparait dans un reportage de l’AFP quelques jours après le 5 décembre à Bangui. According to Amnesty International, such attacks have led tens of thousands to leave CAR in “an exodus of historic proportions”. Later they were better organized. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Anti-balaka spokesmen have called for members to be integrated into the army "with appropriate rank" or given demobilization packages. Hissene and Mokom were specifically identified as suspects in the failed coup by the CAR Public Prosecutor’s office. The anti-balaka had a long history in the Central African Republic. [12] The Séléka and the anti-balaka engaged in a cycle of increasing violence.[12][13]. Early 2014 marked a turning point; hardened by war and massacres, the anti-balaka committed multiple atrocities. [7] Anti-balaka groups have also kidnapped, burnt and buried alive in public ceremonies women accused of being 'witches'.[8]. D’habitude, les élections au Comité e The UN’s peacekeeping mission in the CAR, the UN’s Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), eventually captured some of the men, but Hissene and several others escaped. On 14 January 2014, a few days after post-coup president Michel Djotodia stepped down, hundreds of men, many of whom had fought as anti-balaka, showed up for duty at FACA headquarters. The Seleka’s rule was marked by corruption and human rights violations. The United States commends the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) for its recent arrest of anti-Balaka leader Jean-Francis Diandi. Alfred Yekatom was designated for being a leader of an Anti-Balaka armed group that has, or whose members have, threatened the peace, security, or stability of the CAR. REUTERS/Camille Lepage The anti-balaka are said to consist of many groups, including at least 10 in Bangui, based on the city’s arrondissements, and many others across the country. L'avion, en provenance de Kinshasa, a atterri, jeudi matin, à Bangui. By the end of 2014, the country was de facto partitioned – anti-Balaka in the southwest and ex-Seleka in the northeast. Department of State Office of the Spokesperson For Immediate Release Statement by Heather Nauert, spokesperson March 21, 2018 . Most of its recruits are from Christian or animist communities. Tag: anti-Balaka. Yekatom commands Anti-Balaka forces in and around the capital, Bangui. The Anti-balaka is an alliance of militia groups based in the Central African Republic in the early 21st century said to be composed primarily of Christians. At this rate, if the targeted violence continues, there will be no Muslims left in much of the Central African Republic. At the end of 2013, long-standing village self-defence groups restructured to fight the Seleka, calling themselves “anti-balaka”, and were reinforced by former FACA and Presidential Guards loyal to Bozizé. In addition, Hissene conspired with Mokom to disrupt a constitutional referendum held in December 2015. vaste offensive anti-balaka sur la capitale. Among them were three candidates who had run under the colours of the United Hearts Movement (MCU), President Touadera’s party, and three anti-balaka leaders… Mais dans les mois qui suivent, Andilo monte encore en puissance. The anti-balakas are therefore the bearers of grigris meant to stop Kalashnikov bullets. Il est déjà un leader qui compte au sein de la mouvance. • Maxim Mokom – leader of Mokom branch. In the second half of 2013, long-standing village militias and self-defence groups known as anti-balaka, mostly Christian and animist, reorganised to challenge the Seleka, and were reinforced by former army soldiers (FACA) and Presidential Guards mostly loyal to ex-President Bozizé. Pour rappel : en 2015, les Anti-Balaka dirigés par Mokom et une branche des ex. Mokom’s anti-Balaka forces worked with elements of Hissene’s Popular Front for the Rebirth of the CAR (FPRC) ex-Séléka group to intimidate voters and disrupt polling in the town of Kaga Bandoro during the December 13 vote. En juillet et en août de la même année, son groupe, très actif dans cette zone, est à la pointe d’une attaque contre les Seleka à Batangafo. var script = document.createElement("script"); Most Seleka members were Muslim, chiefly because Islam is the more popular religion in the marginalized northern areas where rebel groups sprang up. 13667 for engaging in actions that threaten the peace, security, or stability of the Central African Republic (CAR). Et la tension monte d’autant plus autour du « cas » de ce neveu de François Bozizé que l’échéance de la présidentielle approche. Bozize has denied having a controlling hand over the group. Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona and Alfred Yekatom are accused of involvement in the crimes in their roles as senior leaders in the anti-Balaka militia as the country descended into war in 2013 to 2014.  Central African Republic's Former Leader to Run for President. Anti-balaka leaders said Ngaibona’s arrest threatened reconcilation efforts, as they say they have transformed their movement into a political party. Christian anti-balaka militants on Tuesday attacked the United Nations base in Tagbara, about 300 km northeast of the capital of the Central Africa Republic, killing one peacekeeper and wounding 11, the UN said in a . There have been no reports of anti-balaka groups fighting each other. Yekatom also used 153 children as fighters in his group before handing them over to the UN in August 2014. An anti-balaka fighter from the town of Bossembele patrols in the Boeing district of Bangui, Central African Republic, February 24, 2014. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? The anti-balaka were largely responsible for driving the ex-Seleka from many of their bases in western CAR. The International Criminal Court (ICC) has confirmed charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for Central African Republic militia leaders … President Barack Obama signed an Executive Order stating that dangers posed by the instability in the CAR constitute a threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States and declared a national emergency to deal with the threat. L'élection de Patrice Edouard Ngaïssona au Comité exécutif de la CAF fait polémique. Whether the anti-balaka leaders are pursuing a deliberate policy of ethnic cleansing or exacting abusive collective punishment against the Muslim population [in response to the Seleka’s atrocities], the end result is clear: the disappearance of longstanding Muslim communities. Anti-Balaka militias quit Central African disarmament program over war crimes arrest. One of the signatories of 2019 peace agreement. “Anti-balaka” caught on as a generic term for those resisting the brutal Seleka (a word to which, since the alliance’s official disbanding in September 2013, the prefix “ex” has usually added). [réf. [10] With the disbanding of the army by Djotodia, many army members joined the militia, boosting their numbers and helping train them. D’après Médecins sans frontières, le samedi 26 avril, des ex-Seleka attaquent l’hôpital de Nanga Boguila, faisant seize victimes. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; BILLET RETOUR . Most Seleka members were Muslim, chiefly because Islam is the more prevalent religion in the marginalized northern areas where rebel groups sprang up. D’un côté, on crie à la trahison. Anti-balaka (anti-machete) militiamen simulate an enemy attack as they pose for a photograph near the town of Yaloke, Central African Republic, April 25, 2014. Their prosecution at the ICC is in stark contrast to the absence of proceedings against Seleka leaders and their allies, … Their leaders say the anti-balaka number in the tens of thousands. [réf. Anti-balaka spokesmen have called for members to be integrated into the army “with appropriate rank” or given demobilization packages. A son bord, Romaric et un autre anti-balaka recherché par la RCA. On 22 January 2018, the court found anti-Balaka commander General Andjilo guilty of criminal conspiracy, assassination, illegal possession of weapons of war, aggravated theft and sequestration. “Whether the anti-balaka leaders are pursuing a deliberate policy of ethnic cleansing or exacting abusive collective punishment against the Muslim population [in response to the Seleka’s atrocities], the end result is clear: the disappearance of longstanding Muslim communities,” HRW’s Bouckaert said. “Today’s action underscores our ongoing efforts to target those responsible for fueling violence and human rights abuses in the Central African Republic.”. As many Christians had more settled lifestyles and many Muslims were nomadic, competing claims to the land were another dimension of the tensions. CENTRAFRIQUE. Cinq ex-leaders de groupes anti-Balaka – Kevin Bere Bere, Romaric Mandago, Crepin Wakanam alias Pino Pino, Patrick Gbiako et Yembeline Mbenguia Alpha – ont été déclarés coupables de plusieurs chefs de crimes contre l’humanité et de crimes de guerre. This is one explanation for the violence – and the cannibalism – directed not only against Seleka rebels but Muslim civilians as well. Habib Soussou was designated for being a leader of an Anti-Balaka armed group that had, or whose members had, threatened the peace, security, or stability of the CAR. Seleka dirigés par le chef de guerre Nourredine Adam – aussi connus sous le nom de ‘Nairobists’ – avaient été à l’origine des troubles qui ont sévi dans le pays à la fin de l’année 2015. According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), “the anti-balaka militias are increasingly organized and using language that suggests their intent is to eliminate Muslim residents from the Central African Republic." Anti-balaka leaders said Ngaibona’s arrest threatened reconcilation efforts, as they say they have transformed their movement into a political party. Page last modified: [21], Christian militias formed in the Central African Republic, Anti-Balaka militia in Gbaguili, a village located 340 km from Bangui. Le cas des deux leaders du mouvement anti-balaka, notamment le député Alfred Yékatom Rombhot et de l’ancien coordonnateur général des anti-balaka, Patrice Edouard Ngaïssona, qui vient d’être arrêté à Paris, le mercredi dernier, en témoigne bien le complot qui se prépare depuis l’extérieur dans le seul but de déstabiliser les institutions légitimement établies. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); After decades of strife instability, CAR plunged into a security, political and humanitarian crisis in March 2013 when the Seleka, a coalition of mainly Muslim armed groups, overthrew President Bozizé. [17] On 2 December 2013, anti-balaka militiamen are suspected to have killed 12 people, including children, and wounded 30 others in an attack on the mostly-Muslim Fula in Boali, according to the government. Renversé en 2013 par une coalition de groupes armés dominée par les musulmans, la Séléka, François Bozizé Yangouvonda est accusé notamment par les Nations unies d'avoir organisé une contre-insurrection sanglante depuis son exil, celle des milices anti-balaka majoritairement chrétiennes et animistes. 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